CANADIAN SUBMARINES

subs 4 plus cc (2)


Canada.s navy obtained its first submarines in 1914. We built H-class submarines in Montreal for the British Navy in 1921.

Since the dawn of nuclear submarines, there has been a wish that Canada’s submarines had the capability of going under our Arctic ice. Our navy has considered purchasing nuclear submarines or subs with an independent air supply system. In 1988 it was concluded that nuclear submarines are too expensive to operate and diesel-electric submarines are stealthier and more economical than nuclear submarines.

There also was a 1998 study into designing our own prototype nuclear reactor and welding it into a rear section of the of the VICTORIA class submarines.

To ensure Canada’s navy maintained a submarine service, the economics at the time dictated we obtain the four UPHOLDER class submarines from Britain. While they were not the first choice of the navy, they are still considered “state-of-the-art” in submarine warfare.


TRAFALGAR class British nuclear sub purchase considered in 1988 by the Canadian Navy.


AMETHYSTE French nuclear sub purchase considered in 1988 by the Canadian Navy.

Modern submarines are highly complex, expensive and must be continually maintained to ensure maximum reliability and safety. Submarines are needed to give our navy the capability of stealth for surveillance of national waters, but primarily, for anti-submarine training to maintain our naval tradition of being the best anti-sub hunters in the world.


CANADA’S SUBMARINES

CC1

HMCS CC1 from British Columbia (built in Seattle for the Chilean navy) in 1914


HMCS CC2 from British Columbia (built in Seattle for the Chilean navy) in 1914

ch14 & 15  1918  A

CH14 (ex H14) and Ch15 (ex-H15) Transferred from the British Navy in 1919. Decommissioned in 1922.


U889 Surrendered German U-boat operated by the RCN in 1945

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U190 Surrendered German U-boat operated by the RCN in 1945


HMS ARTEMIS from the Sixth RN Submarine Squadron based in Halifax from 1955 to 1965.

The 11 A-class submarines based in Halifax over the ten year period were (HMS AMBROSE, HMS AMBUSH, HMS ARTEMIS, HMS ALDERNEY, HMS ASTUTE, HMS APHION, HMS AURIGA, HMS ALLIANCE, HMS ALCIDE, HMS ACHERON and HMS AUROCHS). They provided Canada’s navy personnel with submarines for operational deployment, for ASW training for the surface ships and for training of RCAF anti-submarine aircraft.


YAL CANADIAN NAVY


USS ARGONAUT - U.S. Navy FLEET submarine
(similar specifications)

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HMCS GRILSE (S71)
(ex-USS BURRFISH) Balao class 1961-69 (Left)
HMCS RAINBOW (S75)
(ex-USS ARGONAUT) Tench class 1968-74 (Right)


OBERON class (1965 to 1998)
First submarines specifically built for the Canadian Navy.
HMCS OJIBWA (S72) (Becoming a museum in Ontario) 1965-98
HMCS ONONDAGA (S73)
(Now a museum in Quebec) 1968-98
HMCS OKANAGAN (S74) (Scrapped in 2011) 1967-98
ex-HMS OLYMPUS (dockside training sub in Halifax) (Scrapped in 2011) 1967-98

Victoria class submarine

VICTORIA class (ex-Royal Navy) 1998
HMCS VICTORIA (SSK 876) (ex-HMS UNSEEN)
HMCS WINDSOR (SSK 877)
(ex-HMS UNICORN)
HMCS CORNER BROOK (SSK 878)
(ex-HMS URSULA)
HMCS CHICOUTIMI (SSK 879)
(ex-HMS UPHOLDER)

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SPECIFICATIONS

cdn submarine specs




RCN SUBMARINE ACQUISITION SCHEDULE SINCE 1987

1987 Selection of manufacturer
1988 Design proposals
1990 Government approval
1990 New submarine construction NOT approved

1994
Britain decommissions 4 UPHOLDER class diesel subs
1995 Canada considers purchasing the 4 UPHOLDER class subs
1998 Canada purchases the 4 UPHOLDER class subs from Britain
2000 Canada’s 4 Oberon class submarines decommissioned

2000 HMCS VICTORIA (ex-HMS UNSEEN) commissioned
2001 HMCS WINDSOR (ex-HMS UNICORN) commissioned
2003 HMCS CORNER BROOK (ex-HMS URSULA) commissioned
2004 HMCS CHICOUTIMI (ex-HMS UPHOLDER) had fire at sea

2015 HMCS WINDSOR on active duty on east coast
2015 HMCS VICTORIA on active duty on west coast
2015 HMCS CHICOUTIMI on active duty on west coast
2015 HMCS CORNER BROOK in major refit on west coast



canada submarine calendar 3